Cortland Onion Organic
NEW! 110 days. From the breeders of the most prominent and highest-quality storage onions comes this improved yellow onion. Uniform, globe-shaped bulbs have thick, terra cotta-colored skins and slender necks, giving them the best keeping quality. A long-day variety. Exhibits resistance to pink rot.
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|Seed Depth||Seed Spacing||Soil Temp for Germ.||Days to Germ.||Thin Plants To||Approximately 200 seeds per gram.|
Allium cepa: Onions are an important crop to year-round gardeners. Our goal is to offer the very best onion selections in every category.
CULTURE: Onions prefer light, sandy, loamy soils, so the most successful onions are grown in well-prepared, well-dug, and well-drained soil with plenty of added organic matter and lots of sunshine. Apply 1/4-1/2 cup of our complete fertilizer per 5 row feet, 1-2 inches below the transplant or seed. Sow 2-4 seeds per inch, in rows 12-24 inches apart. Thin bulbing onions to 5-7 inches between plants and bunching onions to 2 inches between plants. For transplants, sow up to 100 seeds in a sterile seedling mix in a 4-6 inch pot. Cover the seeds to a depth of 1/8 inch. Place in a warm location and keep moist. If the tops reach over 5 inches before you transplant, cut to 3 inches high. When planting out, take the clump and separate the grass-like seedlings and place in a shallow trench. Fill the trench around the seedlings and then water in well. Onion seedlings are tough and will perform amazingly well.
SWEET ONION SEEDS: Grown for the largest onions, often much less pungent than the long-keeping storage types. In the North, these types must be started in February for transplanting out April to early May. Adapted to 36-55° latitude, unless otherwise noted.
STORAGE ONION SEEDS: Onions grown from sets tend to bolt prematurely. Seed-grown storage onions are good keepers. Direct seed mid April to early May. Adapted to 36-55° latitude, unless otherwise noted.
SCALLIONS/BUNCHING ONION SEED: Sow April to mid July. Maximum growth rate and high fertility levels are not as essential for scallions. Sowings in July will be harvestable in winter and spring.
LONG-DAY/SHORT-DAY: Onions are photoperiodic plants. They regulate their stages of growth by the duration of the light/dark cycle at the particular time of the year they are growing. The onion plant will make top growth until the critical light duration is reached, and bulbing begins. The amount of growth and development prior to bulbing will determine the bulb size. Long-day varieties need to be planted as early as possible in the spring to obtain sufficient growth prior to the longest day, when they begin to bulb. Short-day varieties need to be fall planted to obtain enough growth to make a large bulb earlier in the year when the days are shorter. The dividing line between short-day and long-day varieties is generally accepted as 36° latitude, roughly along the Kansas/Oklahoma border. Plant long-day varieties north of this line and short-day varieties south of it. Recent breeding efforts have developed day-neutral varieties. Day-neutral and intermediate-day onions can be grown successfully anywhere.
INSECT/PESTS: Because of their pungent odor, onions repel many pests and protect other garden vegetables. Onions are a valuable companion plant and should be integrated throughout the garden.
DISEASE: Most onion disease results from improper growing conditions. Practice strict sanitation procedures.
HARVEST: When the tops begin to dry out and are falling over, withhold watering if possible, so the bulbs mature in dry soil. After about half the tops have fallen, push over the remainder, wait about 1 week and harvest the bulbs. Spread the bulbs out in the sun and cover with a sheet or tarp at night to prevent dew from remoistening them. Cure them for a week or so to toughen the skins. Proper curing is essential to promote long storage. If weather is poor at this time, cure on the floor of the garage, barn, or house.
STORAGE: Keep onions in onion sacks so they get good ventilation, and hang sacks where air is dry and cool (55-65°F). Check sacks occasionally, and immediately remove any sprouting or rotting onions.
SEED SPECS: Minimum germination standard: 75%. Usual seed life: 1 year. Days to maturity are calculated from seeding date.