Edible Grains

White Sonora Wheat Grains

White Sonora Wheat Grains


Triticum aestivum One of the oldest surviving wheat varieties known to North America. This soft white wheat grinds to a sweet white flour that's prized by artisan bakers. The compact seedheads are nearly awnless (free of the bristles seen on wheat and other grasses). Although this drought-tolerant variety has traditionally been cultivated in arid climates, our seed has a decade of proven performance in the Northwest. Sonora's papery husk is easy to remove by hand. Resistant to Fusarium. Recommended seeding rate: 50-100 pounds per acre (choose a higher rate for sandy, less fertile soil).

   Open Pollinated
  • WW4453/C
  • 1/4 lb
  • $4.95

  • WW4453/D
  • 1/2 lb
  • $7.95

  • WW4453/E
  • 1 lb
  • $14.95
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Soil Temp. for Germ.Days to Emergence

• Grains require modest levels of nutrition to produce good quality proteins
• Excessive soil fertility will cause lower protein levels and may lead to lodging (heavy heads falling over)
• Winter varieties require cold temperatures in order to produce seed heads (vernalize) in spring; they should be planted in the fall

Direct Sowing
• Plant mid-September through mid-October
• For the smaller-scale grower, broadcast the seed over the surface of the soil and rake in to ensure good soil contact
• Recommended seeding rate: 3 1/2 lbs per 1000 square feet
• Seed can also be drilled at 2 1/2 lbs per 1000 square feet—plant 1-2 inches deep
• Mulch with clean straw or leaves to 4 inches

Insects & Diseases
Common insects: aphids, thrips
Insect control: Neem oil or Pyrethrin
Common diseases: stripe rust, stem rust, powdery mildew
Disease prevention: plant disease resistant varieties, for powdery mildew use Zero Tolerance® Herbal Fungicide

Harvest & Storage
• Both winter and spring varieties of grains are generally ready for harvest in August
• Timing the harvest to ensure optimal moisture level reduces loss to shatter or grain resprouting—seed heads should be dry and resist denting by fingernail (ideal moisture content is 13% or less)
• Small-scale wheat growers can use a hand sickle to harvest—tie into bundles, called "shocks," and stack upright in the field to dry before threshing
• "Hulless" varieties can easily be cleaned by hand-threshing and winnowing; other varieties may require flailing or mechanical threshing
• Store in airtight containers in a cool, dry location
• Complete harvest and storage information included with each order