Asian Greens Growing Guide

Mustards

Soil Temp for Germ.Days to EmergenceSeed DepthThin Plants ToSeed SpacingRow SpacingMin. Germ.Seed LifeSeeds per gramFertilizer Needs
40-75°F2-151/4"6-18"1"9-18"80%3 years450Medium


Days to maturity are calculated from date of direct seeding.

Culture
• Mustard greens are easy crops to grow if planted in early spring or late summer
• Mustards are best directly sown

Direct Sowing
• Make a furrow 6 inches deep and sprinkle 1/2 cup of TSC's Complete fertilizer per 10 row feet in the bottom of the furrow
• Backfill the furrow and plant the seed
• Thin after second set of true leaves

Transplanting
• Start indoors 3-5 weeks before anticipated transplant
• Put out after the danger of hard frost, and use 1/4 cup of TSC's Complete fertilizer around each plant

Insects & Diseases
Common insects: Flea beetles
Insect control: Pyrethrin or Azatrol, silver mulch, or row covers at planting
Disease prevention: 5-7 year crop rotation

Chinese Cabbage

Soil Temp for Germ.Days to EmergenceSeed DepthThin Plants ToSeed SpacingRow SpacingMin. Germ.Seed LifeSeeds per 1/2 gramFertilizer Needs
45-75°F2-151/4"12-18"1"18-36"75%3 years≈ 125-175Medium


Brassica rapa, Pekinensis Group: The virtues of Chinese cabbage include loads of soluble fiber, antioxidants, and almost negligible caloric content. Use this mildly-flavored veggie in stir-fries, as a stand-in for conventional cabbage, or fresh in salads.

Days to maturity are calculated from date of direct seeding.

Culture
• Chinese cabbage is a cool season crop that performs best in spring and fall in a wide range of soil types
• Young plants exposed to temperature fluctuations can result in bolting
• Apply 1 cup of TSC's Complete fertilizer per 5 row feet, and 1 inch of compost

Direct Sowing
• For a spring crop, sow after the danger of frost
• Fall crops can be sown July—mid-August

Transplanting
• For a spring crop, start 4-5 weeks before anticipated transplant date
• Fall crops can be started from June to mid-July and set out when there are 4-5 true leaves

Insects & Diseases
Common insects: Flea and cucumber beetles, slugs, earwigs
Insect control: Pyrethrin or row covers at planting, Cabbage Collars for slugs
Disease prevention: 5-7 year crop rotation

Harvest & Storage
• Harvest heads as soon as mature to avoid bolting
• Store at 36°F and 95% relative humidity

Pac Choi

Soil Temp for Germ.Days to EmergenceSeed DepthThin Plants ToSeed SpacingRow SpacingMin. Germ.Seed LifeSeeds per gramFertilizer Needs
45-75°F2-151/4"12-18"1"18-36"75%3 years≈ 250-350Medium


Brassica rapa, Chinensis Group

Days to maturity are calculated from date of direct seeding.

Culture
• Pac Choi is a cool season crop that performs best in spring and fall in a wide range of soil types
• Young plants exposed to temperature fluctuations can result in bolting
• Apply 1 cup of TSC's Complete fertilizer per 5 row feet, and 1 inch of compost

Direct Sowing
• For a spring crop, sow after the danger of frost
• Fall crops can be sown July—mid-August

Transplanting
• Sow seeds 2 weeks before anticipated transplant date for a spring crop or July/August for a fall crop

Insects & Diseases
Common insects: Flea and cucumber beetles, slugs, earwigs
Insect control: Pyrethrin or row covers at planting, Cabbage Collars for slugs
Disease prevention: 5-7 year crop rotation

Harvest & Storage
• Harvest as soon as mature to avoid bolting
• Store at 36°F and 95% relative humidity