Dry Shelling Beans
Yin Yang Bean
75 days. Find harmony in your garden with the most zen of beans. The distinctive black and white pattern emblazoned on the dried bean is a remarkable, three-dimensional depiction of the familiar Chinese symbol. Serenely textured with a mild flavor similar to that of a Black Turtle bean, it adds a fascinating presentation to any dish. Compact bushes produce heavy harvests of young, delightfully tender, 6-7 inch green beans. Allow the pods to mature and dry for the dramatic two-toned bean.
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|Seed Depth||Seed Spacing||Soil Temp for Germ.||Days to Germ.||Thin Plants To||One ounce plants 12-15 row feet, 1/2 pound for 100 row feet. Seed counts are listed in each variety.|
Phaseolus vulgaris Rich and flavorful beans are fiber-packed veggies that promote digestive health and are excellent sources of antioxidants that scavenge free radicals in the body. They are also nitrogen-fixing legumes; beans gather nitrogen from the air and load it into the soil to feed future crops.
CULTURE: Grow like Bush Beans (see pole bean culture below for Cranberry). Beans like warm soil and will not germinate if the soil temperature is below 60°F. In a well worked bed, plant the seeds in rows 18-36 inches apart. Beans are relatively light feeders. One cup of our complete fertilizer per 10 row feet will provide adequate nutrition. Excess nitrogen results in excess foliage with poor pod set and delayed maturity. Optimum pH is in the range of 5.5-6.5, mildly acidic. Beans are shallow rooted and can require up to 1/4 inch of water a day during hot weather. Mulch around the roots to help conserve moisture.
DISEASE: Beans are subject to numerous diseases. Avoid wetting the foliage, remove plants at the end of the year, and practice a 4-year crop rotation to prevent potential problems.
INSECTS: Mexican bean beetles and bean weevils can significantly damage young seedlings. To treat, dust them with Pyrethrin. Optimum soil conditions foster vigorous plants, which can help plant growth outpace insect damage.
(Use Pole Bean culture (below) for Bingo.)
HARVEST: Days to maturity are for the fresh shell stage. For shelling beans, pick when the seeds are fully formed, but still soft and green. For dry beans, maturity can take 3-4 more weeks depending on the weather. Harvest when 90% of the leaves have yellowed or fallen off. If rainy weather prevents field drying, pull up the plants and finish drying under cover. Pods may be shelled by hand. To thresh large amounts, hold plants by the roots and bang back and forth inside a barrel or beat small piles of plants with a flail.
STORAGE: Make sure beans are fully dry, then store in a cool place. Bean weevils may be eliminated by freezing the seed near 0°F for 2 weeks.
SEED SPECS: Minimum germination standard: 80%. Usual seed life: 2-3 years.
POLE BEAN CULTURE: In the early days, pole beans were planted at the base of rough wooden poles where the vines clung to the bark as they twined upward. Today most gardeners grow pole beans on trellises. To make a trellis, stretch 2 wires between 2 stout posts. The first wire should be about 10 inches above the ground and the second wire at about 5-6 feet. Tie bean string to 1 wire and begin making a V-shaped trellis by zigzagging the string between the 2 wires and wrapping around each wire about every 8 inches. Rough string will stimulate the bean vine's twining habit. See Garden Supplies for bean string and other trellising supplies. Sow seeds along the bottom of the trellis, in rows 3-4 feet apart. If planting to grow on poles, plant 6 seeds at the base of each pole. Grow and fertilize like bush beans.
KEY TO BEAN DISEASE RESISTANCE AND TOLERANCE
HR indicates high resistance.
IR indicates intermediate resistance.
A* | Anthracnose
BB | Bacterial Blight
BBS | Bacterial Brown Spot
BLS | Bacterial Leaf Spot
BMV | Bean Mosaic Virus
CTM | Curly Top Beet Mosaic Virus
DM | Downy Mildew
HB | Halo Blight
PM | Powdery Mildew
PMV | Pod Mottle Virus
R | Common Rust
* Numbers indicate specific disease race.