Rutabagas & Turnips
90 days. Rutabagas should be a staple of the winter food garden. While Magres is an exceptional variety that matures for late winter use, it will also continue to hold in the garden as winter turns to spring. The mildew resistant, purple topped root has excellent eating quality. It has a fine grained texture with good flavored yellow flesh that is totally free of bitterness. An excellent culinary rutabaga.
Winter Growing Information
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|Seed Depth||Seed Spacing||Soil Temp for Germ.||Days to Germ.||Thin Plants To||Approximately 265-400 seeds per gram.|
Brassica spp.: These classic root crops can store long-term in the root cellar, or right in the ground for milder regions, providing winter fare with vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that boast a whole range of health benefits. The leafy tops are particularly loaded with carotenoids, B-complex vitamins, and vitamin K.
CULTURE: Rutabagas and turnips are fast growing and require a fertile, well-dug, well-drained seedbed that has a pH of 6. One cup of our complete fertilizer dug into 10 row feet will give the plants adequate nutrition. Sow the seeds thinly in rows 12-16 inches apart. Keep seedbed moist. Sowing indoors is not recommended..
INSECTS: Cover the rows with Reemay, Grow Guard 20, or an insect barrier to reduce root maggots. Row covers prevent flies from laying their eggs at the base of developing plants. Flea beetles can be controlled with a floating row cover as well, or by applications of Pyrethrin.
DISEASES: No common problems. Consult your local county extension agent with specific problems.
HARVEST: By October-November, rutabaga roots will be tender and tasty from a well-thinned sowing in July. The roots are sweetest when small, so pick early. Also, when larger, root maggots can become a problem. Organic turnips are often easier to grow for greens than for roots. Sometimes root maggots leave the gardener too few undamaged turnips. Turnip greens can be picked when young and tender. Both root crops are best stored at 33°F and 90-95% relative humidity.
SEED SPECS: Minimum germination standard: 80%. Days to maturity are calculated from the date of direct seeding. Usual seed life: 3 years.