Ip Ssam Hong Chinese Cabbage
Brassica rapa, Pekinensisi Group 65 days. This unique variety puts a colorful twist on Chinese cabbage. Oval purple-red leaves lighten to green at the base, highlighted with bright white midribs. The plant's color becomes a more vibrant red tone with cooler temperatures, so your crop becomes even more beautiful as the season progresses. A perfect choice for Kimchi, the outer leaves can be picked while allowing the plant to continue to grow for a season-long display and harvest. Plants are semi-heading and compact, reaching 12-16 inches across.
Winter Growing Information
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CULTURE: This crop grows best in a cool environment with moist, airy soil that provides high nutrient levels. Responds best to decreasing day length and temperatures, which makes it a good fall crop. Spring plantings can also be successful when planted at the proper time. Premature bolting is often times a result of young plants being exposed to frost.
TO DIRECT SOW: For a spring crop, sow after the danger of frost. Fall crops can be sown from early July through mid-August. In very friable soil, sow 1 seed per inch, 1/4 inch deep, with rows 18-36 inches apart. Thin seedlings to 12-18 inches apart in the row. One cup of our complete fertilizer is sufficient for 10 row feet.
FOR TRANSPLANTS: For a spring crop, start plants 4-5 weeks prior to your last frost and set out after the danger of frost. Fall crops can be started from early June through mid-July and set out when there are 4-5 true leaves. Sow 1/4 inch deep in a sterile seedling mix. Set transplants to a depth of the first pair of leaves. Space plants and fertilize as described above.
INSECTS: Pyrethrin can be used to reduce flea beetle and Diabrotica (cucumber beetle) infestations. Row covers provide a good physical barrier from insects.
DISEASE: Good crop rotation and a strict sanitary program drastically reduce the chance of disease.
HARVEST: Harvest the heads as soon as mature to avoid bolting. Cut at the surface and store in a cool area at 100% humidity.
SEED SPECS: Minimum germination standard: 75%. Days to maturity are calculated from date of direct seeding. Usual seed life: 3 years. Approximately 125-175 seeds per 1/2 gram.