Beans - Organic
Cupidon Bean Organic
55 days. This beloved French/filet variety matures early on compact, 18-22 inch plants, which continue to bear loads of richly-flavored, slender and stringless pods over the long season. Uniform, medium green pods remain melt-in-your-mouth tender up to sizes of 6-8 inches, but the anxious gardener will be delighted to pick them sooner as an exceptionally refined baby bean. Speckled brown seeds.
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|Seed Depth||Seed Spacing||Soil Temp for Germ.||Days to Germ.||Thin Plants To||One ounce sows 20 row feet. Seed counts are listed in each variety.|
Phaseolus vulgaris Otherwise referred to as haricots verts, these refined, delicate green beans are generally more slender than standard green beans. Their exquisite, tender texture and exquisite texture make them a favorite choice for gardeners and gourmets.
CULTURE: For growing information, refer to the Bush Bean culture box (Pole Bean culture box for Fortex.)
BUSH BEAN CULTURE: Grow like Bush Beans. Bush beans are one of the most trouble-free garden crops and mature just ahead of pole beans. Beans like warm soil and will not germinate if the soil temperature is below 60°F. In a well worked bed, plant the seeds in rows 18-36 inches apart. Beans are relatively light feeders. One cup of our complete fertilizer per 10 row feet will provide adequate nutrition. Excess nitrogen results in excess foliage with poor pod set and delayed maturity. Optimum pH is in the range of 5.5-6.5, mildly acidic. Beans are shallow rooted and can require up to 1/4 inch of water a day during hot weather. Mulch around the roots to help conserve moisture.
DISEASE: Beans are subject to numerous diseases. Avoid wetting the foliage, remove plants at the end of the year, and practice a 4-year crop rotation to prevent potential problems.
INSECTS: Mexican bean beetles and bean weevils can significantly damage young seedlings. To treat, spray them with Pyrethrin. Optimum soil conditions foster vigorous plants, which can help plant growth outpace insect damage.
HARVEST: Green beans are ready for harvest about 2 weeks after bloom. Pick when the pods are nearly full size and the seeds are still small. Pods at this stage have firm, crispy flesh and are low in fiber content. Keep plants well picked to extend harvest and increase yield. Plant short rows for fresh eating; plant longer rows to have additional beans for canning and freezing. A 20 foot row will feed the average family of 4, unless heavy canning is anticipated.
SEED SPECS: Minimum germination standard: 80%. Usual seed life: 2-3 years.
POLE BEAN CULTURE: In the early days, pole beans were planted at the base of rough wooden poles where the vines clung to the bark as they twined upward. Today most gardeners grow pole beans on trellises. To make a trellis, stretch 2 wires between 2 stout posts. The first wire should be about 10 inches above the ground and the second wire at about 5-6 feet. Tie bean string to 1 wire and begin making a V-shaped trellis by zigzagging the string between the 2 wires and wrapping around each wire about every 8 inches. Rough string will stimulate the bean vine's twining habit. See Garden Supplies for bean string and other trellising supplies. Sow seeds along the bottom of the trellis, in rows 3-4 feet apart. If planting to grow on poles, plant 6 seeds at the base of each pole. Grow and fertilize like bush beans.
KEY TO BEAN DISEASE RESISTANCE AND TOLERANCE
HR indicates high resistance.
IR indicates intermediate resistance.
A* | Anthracnose
BB | Bacterial Blight
BBS | Bacterial Brown Spot
BLS | Bacterial Leaf Spot
BMV | Bean Mosaic Virus
CTM | Curly Top Beet Mosaic Virus
DM | Downy Mildew
HB | Halo Blight
PM | Powdery Mildew
PMV | Pod Mottle Virus
R | Common Rust
* Numbers indicate specific disease race.